Glucose Numbers and What They Mean

Blood Glucose Numbers and What they Mean

You probably don’t pay any attention to your blood glucose numbers unless you’ve already been diagnosed with diabetes. If you consider yourself a sophisticated health care consumer, I bet you can recite your cholesterol numbers but have no clue about your sugar.

There is good reason to know your blood glucose. Diabetes typically begins to wreck its damage on your organs and body years before it s diagnosed. The American Diabetes Association estimates at least a two million people walk around with the disease and have no idea. They also feel fairly confident that there are millions more who are in the danger zone known as pre diabetes.

The point is if you are in the prediabetes phase there is still time for you to make some simple changes in your lifestyle so that you can prevent the onset of diabetes 2.  Untreated and undiagnosed diabetes can kill you just as surely as heart disease can.

What that means is that if you are over 45 you should have a fasting blood glucose test. If the reading is normal, the test should be repeated every 2 or 3 years, depending upon what your doctor advises. Your doctor may want to repeat it yearly depending upon your family history and the condition of your health.

Diabetes is insidious. It causes severe health complications. Indeed, there is nothing subtle about its danger.  Yet I firmly believe that even with the worst family medical history possible, we can all either prevent the disease or at the very least, slow down its impact.

People often think of diabetes as one disease. The fact is glucose, which comes from the foods you eat and is also made by your liver, can build up in your body for different reasons.

Type 1 diabetes develops when your pancreas makes little if any of the hormone insulin. Without insulin circulating in your bloodstream, glucose can’t get into the cells in your muscles and tissues so it builds up in your blood. In the meantime, your liver makes more glucose and also releases it in your bloodstream which increases your blood glucose.

Type 1 diabetes used to be called insulin-dependent diabetes or juvenile diabetes. That’s because the disease most often develops when you’re a child or a teen and daily injections are required to make up for the insulin your body doesn’t produce.  Today we know that adults can sometimes also develop type 1 diabetes.

Type 2 diabetes is the more common form. It makes up close to 95 percent of people over age 20 that have the disease. This type used to be called adult-onset diabetes. Another name is noninsulin-dependent diabetes. This term isn’t accurate anymore either because children and teens are now developing type 2 diabetes. One of the major reasons for this is childhood obesity.

In the mean time, consider one of the complications of diabetes: Diabetes is the leading cause of new cases of blindness among adults, ages 20 to 74 years old.

My mission is to have you do whatever it takes to prevent diabetes.

 

Do You Know Your Blood Glucose Numbers?

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